Database: Eugenics in High School and College Biology Textbooks

See related article.

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TitleDateAuthor(s)PublisherLvlTypeEugenics 0-5
Elements of Biology1907Hunter, George WilliamAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSPhylogenetic0
First Course in Biology*1908Bailey, L. H.; Coleman, Walter MMacmillan, New YorkHSPhylogenetic0
Applied Biology1911Bigelow, Maurice A; Bigelow, Anna NMacmillan, New YorkHSUnity of Life0
Essentials of Biology1911Hunter, George WilliamAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSPhylogenetic1 Domestication and selective breeding introduced at end of Zoology section.
Elementary Biology: Plant, Animal, Human1912Peabody, James Edward; Hunt, Arthur EllsworthMacmillan, New YorkHSPhylogenetic0
A Civic Biology1914Hunter, George WilliamAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSEconomic4 Strongly eugenic, refers to the "feeble-minded" as parasites, that "blood tells," that there are clearly good families and bad families, and regarding bad families, save for our "humanity" we would "kill them off to prevent them from spreading" (263). However, conclusion less doctrinaire.
Practical Biology1916Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy AAllyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic0
Civic Biology1918Hodge, Clifton F. and Dawson, JeanGinn, BostonHSEconomic4 Strongly eugenic. Directly links evolution to eugenics and boldly promotes the critical need to prevent the "feeble-minded" ‰ÛÒ 1 in 30 Americans, according to the authors ‰ÛÒ from reproducing (344-45).
Elementary Biology: An Introduction to the Science of Life1919Gruenberg, Benjamin CGinn, BostonHSUnity of Life1 Very mildly eugenic.
Biology for High Schools1920Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy AAllyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic1 Mildly suggests students "take care" in selecting mates so that the inherited tendency toward "industry and thrift" are passed on to children.
Biology for Beginners1921Moon, Truman JHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic1 Implies racial progress.
Foundations of Biology1922Woodruff, Lorande Loss (M) Yale BioMacmillan, New YorkC1 Cautionary. '37 edition includes important anti-eugenic statement. See pp. 407-09.
Civic and Economic Biology1922Atwood, Wm. HP. Blakiston's, Philadelphia HSEconomic5 Harshly eugenic. Contains the most shocking defense, summed up by this quote: "One of the reasons why Greece, Rome, and the other great nations of antiquity perished is that they violated the principles of eugenics. If our nation is to live its people must be of the best, and their blood must not be contaminated by that of the unfit. What is your state doing to improve the next generation?" (337).
New Essentials of Biology1923Hunter, George WilliamAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSPhylogenetic1 Identical to Hunter 1911.
The Biology of Man and Other Organisms1923Linville, Henry RHarcourt, New YorkHSNormative4 Strongly eugenic in its demands for "social control of inheritance" (178), though structure mitigates narrative force, climaxing with calls for correct posture, exercise and proper diet.
Biology of Home and Community1923Trafton, Gilbert HMacmillan, New YorkHSEconomic0 No eugenics, despite focus on domestication and species improvement.
Living Things, An Elementary Biology1924Clement, Arthur GIroquois Publishing Co, Syracuse, NYHSEconomic4 Eugenics serves as closing statement, after plant and animal breeding. Talks of hard costs to society of bad heredity: Jukes and Kallikaks.
Biology and Human Welfare1924Peabody, James Edward; Hunt, Arthur EllsworthMacmillan, New YorkHSEconomic5 Harshly prescriptive. Heritage and habits of equal importance.
New Biology1924Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy AAllyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic2 Text is generally descriptive not prescriptive. Little or no content on habits, posture, mate selection, trade selection.
Living Things, An Elementary Biology1925Clement, Arthur GIroquois Publishing Co, Syracuse, NYHSEconomic4 Eugenics serves as closing statement, after plant and animal breeding. Talks of hard costs to society of bad heredity: Jukes and Kallikaks.
Biology and Human Life1925Gruenberg, Benjamin CGinn, BostonHSEconomic4 Suggests intelligent control of reproduction via enlightened institutionalization is the only path to more advanced civilization.
Life and Evolution1926Holmes, Samual Jackson (M) University of CaliforniaHarcourt, New YorkC5 - Propogandistic. See pp 411-427. Book's final and climatic chapter. Note particularly citations on 427.
New Civic Biology1926Hunter, George WilliamAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSEconomic5 Harshly eugenic and deterministic. "Our knowledge of heredity" underscored promotion of natural personal limits - with students suited for the professions, commercial life or the trades relative to their inborn traits (402).
An Introduction to Biology1926Kinsey, Alfred CLippincott, ChicagoHSUnity of Life2 Asks students in one exercise to find stories on Jukes, Kallikaks, Darwin and Edwards families. Does not index eugenics, but has a deterministic thrust. "There are really very few of us who have the necessary heredities to make good Presidents of the United States" (174).
Biology for Beginners1926Moon, Truman JHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic1 Implies racial progress, but does not cover eugenic language.
Modern Biology: Its Human Aspects1926Waggoner, Harry DwightD. C. Heath, BostonHSPhylogenetic / Unity of Life hybrid4 Harsh, though typical for the decade ... comparable to Atwood (1927). Quote: "A high class human family can retain its excellence only so long as the marriages of its members are with individuals of the same type. Marriages with lower types can result only in a deterioration in the sum total of desirable family qualities" (347).
Biology1927Atwood, Wm. HP. Blakiston's, Philadelphia HSEconomic4 Less harsh than Atwood 1922. However, eugenics presented as a climax to the text and a key focus of biology.
The Laws of Living Things1927Menge, Edward J.The Bruce Publishing Company, MilwaukeeHSPhylogenetic w/ some hyrid elements0 Eugenics not indexed, and despite devoting a chapter to "Civic Biology," Menge does not touch on the topic at all.*
Elements of Modern Biology1929Plunkett, Charles RobertHenry Holt and Company, New YorkC0 No mention
New General Biology1929Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy AAllyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic2 Nearly identical to Smallwood 1924.
Advanced Biology1929Wheat, Frank M.; Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth TAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSUnity of Life4 Significant matter-of-fact 15-page mid-text section, sandwiched between chapters on "Plant and Animal Breeding" and "Progressive Development" (aka evolution). However, surprisingly non-deterministic. Authors believe environmental improvements, such as the eight-hour day, better tenement and housing conditions, public playgrounds for city children, compulsory education, laborers' compensation laws, widows' pensions, child labor laws and vocational guidance and training" could all lead to "race improvement" (362-64).*
College Biology1930Barrows, Henry R. d. 1935 (M) New York UniversityRichard R. Smith, New YorkC4 Propogandistic. Chapter XVIII - Applied Genetics - ends with subsection on Eugenics. Somewhat edited in 1936.
Problems in Biology1931Hunter, George WilliamAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSEconomic4 Retains all the harsh language of Hunter 1926, but argument no longer as clearly presented.
Essentials of Biology1931Meier, W. H. D; Meier, LoisGinn, BostonHSPhylogenetic2 Though it closes with eugenics, the text contains no supporting argument.
Fundamentals of Biology1932Haupt, Arthur W (M) UCLAC4 Propogandistic.
General Biology1933White, E. Grace (F) Wilson College BioThe C. V. Mosby Company, St. LouisC5 Propogandistic. See pp 270-283
An Introduction to Biology1933Cole, Elbert C.John Wiley & Sons, New YorkC4 Deterministic. Jukes, Kallikaks and Edwards all offered without disclaimer.Dismissive of improvements to environment, as "there is certainly a limit ot such improvement, for inverior stock is scarecely qualified to maintain an improved environment." Laments, "we are somewhat restricted in what can be done, for society will not permit the destruction of the weak and unfit" (478).
Dynamic Biology1933Baker, Arthur O; Mills, Lewis HRand McNally, New YorkHSNormative (weakly)3 Standard 1930s presentation comparing Juke and Kallikak families with Edwards family. Warns of close intermarriages and immigrants of "defective stock" (655).
New Introduction to Biology1933Kinsey, Alfred CLippincott, ChicagoHSUnity of Life2 Does not index eugenics. Retains Juke etc. exercise and deterministic tone of Kinsey 1926.
The Living World1933Mank, Helen GardnerBenj. H. Sanborn & Co, ChicagoHSUnity of Life / Health0
Biology for Beginners1933Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul BHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic3 Introduces genetics and eugenics, including H. H. Goddard's Kallikak study.
Man and the Nature of His Biological World1934Jean, Frank Covert (M); Harrah, Ezra Clarence (M); Herman, Fred Louis (M); Colorado State College of Education and Powers, Samual Ralph (M) ColumbiaGinn, BostonC5. Entire narrative leads to the eugenic climax. Influenced by Burlingame (1922). Closes with "Hereditary differences should always have weight in deciding one's vocation" (426). Authors would update text in '44 and '52. Very conscious of latest stats and confirming opinion, including reference to Villee '50 in '52 Jean.
Biology for Today1934Curtis, Francis D; Caldwell, Otis W; Sherman, Nina HenryGinn, BostonHSUnity of Life2 Strong pitch for eugenic awareness closes text, but avoids harsher prescriptions of many earlier and most competitors.
New Biology1934Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy AAllyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic3 Introduces Juke and Kallikak studies. Along with Edwards, Darwin and Bach.
An Introduction to Biology1935Rice, Edward Loranus (M) Ohio Wesleyan University Bio Debated Bryan in '25, advised Darrow at ScopesGinn, BostonCCautionary. 1. "Progress must be gradual and conservative" (564)
Biology1935Fitzpatrick, Frederick L; Horton, Ralph EHoughton Mifflin, BostonHSEconomic4 Proudly eugenic. Closes on the topic. However, remains strictly economic, not normative, throughout.
General Biology1936Mavor, James Watt (M) Union CollegeMacmillan, New YorkC2 Somewhat cautionary. See pp 599-601
Elements of General Biology1936Barrows, Henry R. d. 1935 (M) New York UniversityFarrar & Rinehart, New YorkC3 Supportive. 317-18. But claims of "an encouraging amount of success" and the likelihood to "enact and support some such laws and regulations" (262-63) edited from original (1930).
Our World of Living Things1936Heiss, Elwood D; Osborn, Ellsworth S; Manzer, J. GordonWebster Publishing Company, St. Louis, MOHSUnity of Life / Health4 Unapologetically progressionist, calmly eugenic: "All available data indicate that intelligence is determined by the genes which a person inherits" (173).
Everyday Problems in Biology1936Pieper, Charles J; Beauchamp, Wilber L; Frank, Orlin DScott, Foresman and Company, ChicagoHSUnity of Life / Economic3 Advocates limits on immigration and reproduction of feeble-minded, balanced by environment and education defense.
New Biology1937Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy AAllyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic3 Introduces Juke and Kallikak studies. Along with Edwards, Darwin and Bach.
New Introduction to Biology1938Kinsey, Alfred CLippincott, ChicagoHSUnity of Life2 Identical to Kinsey 1926, 1933.
Adventure with Living Things1938Kroeber, Elsbeth; Wolff, Walter HD. C. Heath, BostonHSPhylogenetic / Unity of Life hybrid1 Quite similar to Smith 1938. Indexes and gives lengthy treatment to the topic, only to rebut and disclaim.
Biology: a Revision of Biology for Beginners1938Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul BHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic3 All but identical to Moon 1933.
Exploring Biology1938Smith, Ella TheaHarcourt, New YorkHSUnity of Life2 Eugenics described at length. Pitched as perhaps unarguable for the 'feeble-minded.' But highly disclaimed.
A Biology of Familiar Things1939Bush, George L; Dickie, Allan; Rukle, Ronald CAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSNormative3 Moderately eugenic, sums the social cost of feebleminded at $100,000,000. Mostly suggestive regarding mate selection.
Human Biology1940Baitsell, George Alfred (M) 1885-1971 Yale BioMcGraw-Hill, New YorkC3 Promotional. (Quotes Holmes: "three generations ..." 426)
Man and the Living World1940Stanford, E. E (M) College of the Pacific, Stocton Junior CollegeMacmillan, New YorkC4 Propogandistic. See all of Chapt. XXX - "Genetics and Human Heredity." See pp. 698-730.
Biology1940Parshley, Howard M (M) Smith College BioJohn Wiley & Sons, New YorkC2 Cautionary. "Ideal rather than practical possibility." Cites SJ Holmes and Huntington's Tomorrow's Children
Living Things and You1940Downing, Elliot R; McAtee, Veva MLyons and Carnahan, ChicagoHSNormative3 Unapologetic in its presentation, though suggests that legislative solutions are not the answer, that "individuals who are taught the laws of sex and of inheritance will, it is hoped, act with discretion" (505).
Science of Living Things1941Clinton, Weymouth GHolt, New YorkHSUnity of Life2 Closes with eugenics (Kallikak and Edwards families compared), but topic burried, tacked on after lawn care, flower gardens and grafting.
Biology: a Revision of Biology for Beginners1941Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul BHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic3 All but identical to Moon 1933.
Biology and Human Affairs1941Ritchie, John WWorld Book Company, Yonkers-On-HudsonHSNormative4 Disclaims "negative eugenics," but strongly promotes "positive eugenics" (699). Normative, and by definition, deterministic.
Man and the Biological World1942Rogers, J. Speed; Hubbell, Theodore H. (M); Byers, Francis C. University of FloridaMcGraw-Hill, New YorkC4 Propogandistic and highly deterministic. Very concerned with rates of reproduction by class (chart p. 282). Text focused on evolution, race and "the individual's capacity for mental, physical, and moral development" (283).
General Biology for College1942Moment, Gairdner B. (M) Goucher College Bio (PDF)D. Appleton-Century, New YorkC0 Anti-eugenic. Great "Gould-like" quote: "In one sense, heredity is predominant. We develop into humans, not starfish or lemurs, because of our heredity. In another, equally valid, sense, environment is predominant. Every living thing can exist only in a suitable environment and is continually reacting to it. Both together make us what we are" (413).
Biology The Science of Life1943MacDougall, Mary Stuart (F) Agnes Scott College; Hegner, Robert (M) Johns HopkinsMcGraw-Hill, New YorkC1 Discusses inheritance with charts (see note), and mentions eugenics in passing (846), but focuses on disease prevention and environmental improvements.
Dynamic Biology Today1943Baker, Arthur O; Mills, Lewis HRand McNally, New YorkHSNormative3 Quite similar to Baker 1933, though somewhat demoted; eugenics no longer on par with genetics, ecology, pathology, etc. (compare p. 56, 1933 with p. 46, 1943).
Everyday Biology1943Curtis, Francis D; Caldwell, Otis W; Sherman, Nina HenryGinn, BostonHSUnity of Life2 Identical to Curtis 1934.
Exploring Biology1943Smith, Ella TheaHarcourt, New YorkHSUnity of Life1 Eugenics described but immediately disclaimed: "Let us see what is wrong with the program that aims to improve mankind by 'breeding from the best families'" (513).
Man and His Biological World1944Jean, Frank Covert (M); Harrah, Ezra Clarence (M); Herman, Fred Louis (M); Colorado State College and Powers, Samual Ralph (M) ColumbiaGinn, BostonC5 Repeats and revises '34 text, adds additional supporting references. Entire narrative leads to the eugenic climax. Closes with "Hereditary differences should always have weight in deciding one's vocation" (547).
Biology and Man1944Gruenberg, Benjamin C; Bingham, N. EldredGinn, BostonHSUnity of Life0 Gruenberg is first author to drop eugenics completely after once advancing the idea.
Biology for Better Living1946Bayles, Ernest E; Burnett, R. WillSilver Burdett Company, New YorkHSNormative1 Mostly anti-eugenic. Takes a stand against Juke/Kallikak "bad heredity" story. Further reading references in conflict.
Biology: a Revision of Biology for Beginners1946Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul BHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic3 All but identical to Moon 1933.
Biology for You1946Vance, B. B; Miller, D. FLippincott, ChicagoHSNormative1 Text mentions eugenics, but disclaims effectiveness.
Modern Biology1947Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul B; Otto, James HHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic4 Expands discussion of eugenics as "genetics applied to human inheritance" (606), and reinforces importance by using the topic to eugenics heredity and breeding to evolution. Kallikak study remains.
Biology and Human Affairs1948Ritchie, John WWorld Book Company, Yonkers-On-HudsonHSNormative4 Identical to Ritchie 1941 (598-99).
Elements of Biology1948Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy A; Dodge, Ruth A Allyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic3 Introduces Juke and Kallikak studies. Along with Edwards, Darwin and Bach. Eugenics sandwiched between "maturity" and "decline" and "the end," linking individual development with species history.
Biology and its Relation to Mankind1949Winchester, A. M (M) John B. Stetson UniversityD. Van Norstrand Company, New YorkC4 Harshly (and casually) eugenic.
Life Science1949de Laubenfels, M. W (M) 1894-1960 University of Hawaii (later Orgegon State College)Prentice-HallC4 Deterministic and racist. Devotes one of 28 chapters (25) to the topic, titled - Eugenics: The Special Problem of Breeding. "The destiny of a person, animal, or plant exists inside the zygote, chiefly in the chromosomes" (329). Egypt's rise can be traced to "consanguineous marriage by preference" (336). Compares differential births to cancer (338).
The World of Life1949Pauli, Wolfgang F (M) Bradford Junior CollegeHoughton Mifflin, BostonC5 Remarkably eugenic. Attempts to introduce topic under cover of "reform" (and fails). Topic serves as climax for the narrative. "it has been argued that any program of negative eugenics, by segregation and sterilization, would be futile, and hence that we had better do nothing about the mater at all. This like the lazy man's argument that since he can never eradicate the last weed out of his garden - and even if he did, new ones would appear anyway - he might as well do no weeding at all!" (580).
College Zoology1949Hunter, George W. III, Hunter, F. R.W. B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaC3 Strong, but significantly soft-pedaled relative to George W. Hunter's high school texts.
Exploring Biology1949Smith, Ella TheaHarcourt, New YorkHSUnity of Life1 Eugenics defined by just one paragraph, though unlike previous editions, not disclaimed.
General Biology for College1950Moment, Gairdner B. (M) Goucher College Bio (PDF)D. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New YorkC2 A hard to judge work. Gairdner in this significant update to his almost anti-eugenic 1942 text of the same title introduces key principles of the modern synthesis. The author's ecological bent prepared him for the transition to populational thinking. However, in an apparent pitch for relevancy, Gairdner placed increased stress "on the human import of biological facts and principles" (vi), which forced a long discussion of human inheritance and heredity, and brought the author's opinions on genetic determinism relative to topics such as I.Q. to the fore (see 559). Eugenics discounted and supported simultaneously (560).
Biology1950Villee, Claude A. (M) BioW. B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaC4 Though not the text's narrative focus, eugenics serves as the climax to a unit on genetics and precedes the text's extensive section on evolution. Author references R. R. Gates, S. J. Holmes, H. J. Muller among others. Extremely popular textbook revised through 8 editions. Eugenics strongly promoted through 4th edition (at least), 1962. (Quotes Holmes: "three generations ..." 461). Author pridefully cites California's "success" with a program of eugenic sterilization (and would continue to do so through '62).
Adventures with Animals and Plants1950Kroeber, Elsbeth; Wolff, Walter HD. C. Heath, BostonHSUnity of Life1 As in 1938, eugenics introduced and rebutted.
Modern Biology1951Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul B; Otto, James HHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic4 Text identical to Moon 1947, Kallikak study intact.
Man and His Biological World1952Jean, Frank Covert (M); Harrah, Ezra Clarence (M); Herman, Fred Louis (M); Colorado State College and Powers, Samual Ralph (M) ColumbiaGinn, BostonC5 Entire narrative leads to the eugenic climax. Minor text and reference edits and additions relative to Jean '44.
Elements of Biology1952Smallwood, W. M; Reveley, Ida L; Bailey, Guy A; Dodge, Ruth A (lead author)Allyn and Bacon, BostonHSPhylogenetic3 Jukes, Kallikaks, Edwards, Darwins and Bachs all present. In 1952!
Basic Biology for High Schools1953Fenton, Carroll Lane; Kamby, Paul EMacmillan, New YorkHSUnity of Life0
Exploring Biology1954Smith, Ella TheaHarcourt, New YorkHSUnity of Life2 Eugenics defined. Further readings suggested. "Value" pitched, but possibility of near-term application dismissed. Several sections end with statements claiming understanding "may enable man to take a hand in directing "the future course of evolution" (482).
Biology in Daily Life1955Curtis, Francis D; Urban, JohnGinn, BostonHSUnity of Life3 Though content similar to Curtis 1943, and contains a notable pitch for racial equality (503), class differences strongly implied (498-505).
Biology in Our Lives1955Hunter, George W; Hunter, F. RAmerican Book Company, New YorkHSNormative4 Highly deterministic. Torn on the topic of eugenics (448-450). On one hand eugenics "is entirely contrary to the social and moral codes of democracy." On the other hand, places the cost to society of the "various classes of defective people" at $3,000,000,000.
Biology1956Brown, Relis B. (M) Lawrence CollegeD. C. Heath, BostonC1 Quite cautionary. Eugenics indexed and defined, its aims "laudable," but dismissed as impractical, with improvement to the environment suggested as the quickest path to human improvement. "Who is to say whether the race would be better or worse off with more people having musical talent, artistic ability, or mechanical aptitude?" (239)
Modern Biology1956Moon, Truman J; Mann, Paul B; Otto, James HHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic4 Text retains strong presentation of eugenics, though finally drops Kallikak study.
Biology and its Relation to Mankind1957Winchester, A. M (M) Colorado State CollegeD. Van Norstrand Company, New YorkC1 Though deterministic thrust remains, the word eugenics, a central feature in '49, eliminated in '57. Notable retreat from visual spectacle (though author would return somewhat to visual spectacle in '64.
Biology1957Villee, Claude A. (M) BioW. B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaC4 Author cites Frederick Osborn's Preface to Eugenics, increases word count in eugenics section by 25%. Remarkably anachronistic relative to peers. Comparable only to the high school textbook Modern Biology in its tone-deafness.
Life1957Simpson, George Gaylord; Pittendrigh, Colin S.; Tiffany, Lewis HHarcourt, New YorkC1 First "modern" text. Influenced BSCS texts. Eugenics banished, though authors state, "Under present conditions man's future biological evolution is more likely to be degenerative than progressive. (798)
Biology1957Krober, Elsbeth; Wolff, Walter H; Weaver, Richard LD. C. Heath, BostonHSUnity of Life1 Mere mention of genes and environment.
Biology : The Living World1958Curtis, Francis D; Urban, JohnGinn, BostonHSUnity of Life3 Relevant text (590-596) nearly identical to Curtis 1955 (1949, 1953).
Biology for You1958Vance, B. B; Miller, D. FLippincott, ChicagoHSNormative0 Eugenics indexed, but not actually included in text.
New Dynamic Biology1959Baker, Arthur O; Mills, Lewis H; Tanczos Jr., JuliusRand McNally, New YorkHSNormative2 Quite similar to Baker 1933 and 1943. Drops warnings about immigrants, shifts to global concerns - population explosion. However, anti-racist and pro-nurture/environment.
Exploring Biology1959Smith, Ella TheaHarcourt, New YorkHSUnity of Life0 Eugenics gone from text along with all claims to value of human control of evolution.
Modern Biology1960Moon, Truman J; Otto, James H; Towle, AlbertHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic4 Text retains 1956 presentation of eugenics.
Biology1962Villee, Claude A. (M) BioW. B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaC4 Continues to cite Frederick Osborn and S. J. Holmes. Also cites Buck v. Bell, but removes "imbeciles" quote, still present in '57. Updated to include, "the recent discovery of safe and effective oral contraceptives may be applied to this problem ..." (507).
Your Biology1962Smith, Ella Thea; Lisonbee, LorenzoHarcourt, New YorkHSNormative0
BSCS "Green Version" aka Biological Science: An Ecological Approach1963Bates, Marston; Kolb, Haven C (Supervisors)Rand McNally, New YorkHSUnity of Life0 Text is non-progressionist. Almost hostile to humans.
BSCS "Blue Version" aka Biological Science: Molecules to Man1963Deyrup, Ingrith; Welch, Claude (Supervisors)Houghton Mifflin, BostonHSUnity of Life1 No mention of eugenics, and text not specifically deterministic. However, discussion of "population genetics" mixed with mutation, radiation and Muller studies. Weak tea, relatively, but suggests it is important for biologists to measure changes in gene frequencies in populations over time.
Modern Biology1963Moon, Truman J; Otto, James H; Towle, AlbertHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic4 Text retains 1956 presentation of eugenics. Last popular US textbook to feature topic.
BSCS "Yellow Version" aka Biological Science: An Inquiry Into Life1963Moore, John A (Supervisor); Glass, Bentley (Co-supervisor, though not credited as such)Harcourt, New YorkHSNormative3 Eugenics, far out of fashion, not mentioned but present like a spirit in the text. Glass, supervisor and director, was a strong reform eugenicist, and felt strongly that the human species would need to continue to evolve - progressively - by setting cultural conditions favorable to the task. Influenced by Frederick Osborn and Hermann Muller.
Biology and its Relation to Mankind1964Winchester, A. M (M) Colorado State CollegeD. Van Norstrand Company, New YorkC1 Eugenics, a central feature in '49, eliminated by 2nd edition ('57). '64 introduced "scare picture" of a Down's teenager (labeled a "mongoloid)" with a frightening skin condition (551).
Biology1965Kroeber, Elsbeth; Wolff, Walter H; Weaver, Richard LD. C. Heath, BostonHSUnity of Life1 Mere mention of genes and environment.
Modern Biology1965Otto, James H; Towle, AlbertHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic2 The word eugenics finally disappears from main text, but much of the content remains under the label "population biology."
Exploring Biology1966Smith, Ella Thea; Lawrence, Thomas GordonHarcourt, New YorkHSUnity of Life0 No eugenics. Though warns of threat of "overpopulation by man" (692).
Biology1967Villee, Claude A. (M) BioW. B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaC4 Continues to cite Frederick Osborn and Buck v. Bell, but drops mention of S. J. Holmes. Scheinfeld still serves as cover. Villee remains steadfast in his opinion that "one of the largest eugenic problems is that of the mental defectives," and that "the average intelligence of the population is decreasing from generation to generation" (570).
BSCS "Yellow Version" aka Biological Science: An Inquiry Into Life1968Moore, John A (Supervisor)Harcourt, New YorkHSNormative2 Cultural evolution, and the conditions necessary to ensure continued progress, present, but unlike 1963, not climax of text. Glass influence lightened. Implied racial proof of evolution surprisingly strong.
Modern Biology1969Otto, James H; Towle, AlbertHolt, New YorkHSPhylogenetic2 Identical to Otto 1965. Eugenics not in text, yet remains in glossary.
Biology1972Villee, Claude A. (M) BioW. B. Saunders, PhiladelphiaC3 Villee finally(!) cleanses his text of any explicit reference to eugenics. However, in its place, and to close the chapter titled "Inheritance in Man: Population Genetics," the author substitutes two sub-sections - "Factors Changing Gene Frequencies: Differential Reproduction" and "Evolution: The Failure to Maintain Genetic Equilibrium" (718). Villee's citing of E. A. Hooton, C. S. Coon (786) and Franz Weidenreich (789) betray continued adherence to concepts of "racial development." Text could easily be classed as a "4," if one is willing to read, and not even too carefully, between the lines.
Biology: A Full Spectrum1973Moment, Gairdner B. (M) Goucher College Moment, Gairdner B. (M) Goucher College Bio (PDF); Habermann, Helen M (F) Goucher CollegeThe Williams & Wilkins Company, BaltimoreC2 A surprisingly late date to find eugenics indexed and the topic of genetic screening discussed under the label. Authors torn on the topic; speak of both negative and positive eugenics; consider modern "humane" negative eugenic measures for eliminating "horrible" conditions coded by dominant genes non-problematic (vs. Spartan exposure or Nazi gas chambers, p. 180). But also suggest that "afflictions" caused by recessive genes may serve as "gadflies to achievements of great benefit to the human race," noting the cases of Homer, Edison, Steinmentz and Byron (181).

*Data not graphed.